Thursday, August 21, 2014

Bahasa Inggris Kelas 3 XII SMA dan Kunci Jawaban TA 2014/2015

Japan plans to deploy two more Aegis warship armed with advanced missiles, including one that can intercept ballistic missile, a new report said Saturday, as the country tries to boltster its defense in the wake of North Korea’s missiles launches.
Japan currently has four Aegis destroyers operating with SM-2 missiles-designed mainly to intercept aircraft-including two at Sasebo base near the East China Sea, one at Maizuru base near Kyoto, along the sea of Japan and another at Yosuka on the country east coast.
A fifth Aegis vessel, to be commissioned next spring, will be deployed also at Maizuru, Kyodo News Agency said, citing unnamed defense officials. The report did not say which type of missiles the fifth warship would have.
Japan’s navy is expected to deploy the sixth warship at Sasebo base in the southern prefecture (state) of Nagasaki in the spring 2008, the report said. The warship will be equipted with SM-3 missiles capable of intercepting ballistic, it said.
A spokeswoman for the Maritime Self-Defense Force confirmed that the government plans to upgrade at least three of its existing destroyers with SM-3 missiles.
23. What is the text about?
            A. Destroyers operating with SM-2 missiles              B. Deploying 2 more warship
            C. Maritime self defense         D. Ballistic Missiles    E. Japan Navy
24. The warship will be equipped with SM-3 missiles because…..
            A. they can intercept ballistic missiles
            B. the government plans to upgrade its weaponry
            C. the navy is expected to deploy its warship
            D. they are located near the East China sea
            E. the Aegis vessel will be commissioned next spring
25. “Japan navy is is expected to deploy…..” The synonym of the underlined word is …
            A. intercepted             B. whished                  C. hoped         D. wanted       E. taken
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a major political and spiritual leader of India and Indian independence movement. He was a pioneer of Satyagraha resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence which led India to independence and inspired movement for civil right and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly known in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi. In India, he is officially accorded the honor of Father of the Nation and October 2 his birthday, is commemorated each year as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday. On June 15, 2007 the United General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution declaring on October 2 to be the “International Day of Non-Violence”.
As British-educated lawyer Gandhi first employed his ideas of peaceful civil disobedience in the Indian community’s struggle for civil rights in South Africa. Upon his return to India, he organized poor farmers and labors to protest against oppressive taxation and widespread discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress, Gandhi let nationwide campaign for the alleviation of poverty, for the liberation of women, for brotherhood amongst differing religions and ethnicities, for an end untouchability and caste discrimination, and for the economic self-sufficient of the nation, but above all for Swaraj the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously let Indians in the disobedience of the salt tax on the 400 kilometers (248miles) Dandi salt March in 1930, and in an open call for the British to India in 1942, he was imprisoned for many years on numerous occasions in both South Africa and India.
Gandhi practiced and advocated non-violence and truth, even in the most extreme situations. As a students of Hindu Philosophy, he lived simply, organizing an ashram that was self sufficient in its needs. Making his own clothes, the traditional India dhoti and shawl woven with a charkha, he lived on a simple vegetarian diet. He used rigorous fast, for long periods, for both self purification and protest.
26. What did Gandhi do to give an example to his people to meet their needs?
            A. organizing poor farmers                             B. protesting against salt tax
            C. advocating non-violence and truth                        D. making his own clothes
            E. campaigning for the alleviation of poverty
27. Mahatma Gandhi was awarded the honor of Father of the Nation because…..
            A. he struggled for civil rights in South Africa          B. he agreed with salt tax
            C. he was a British educated lawyer                          D. he was the leader of Swaraj
            E. he knew India very well
28. What happened to Gandhi when he led the Indians in the disobedience of the salt tax?
            A. he became a leader                         B. he made his people the poor
            C. he was sent into jail                        D. he became a British Educated lawyer
            E. He went to South Africa  
            The energy in wind comes from the sun. When the sun shines, some of its light reaches the earth’s surface. The earth near the equator receives more of the sun’s energy than the North and the South poles
            Some parts of the earth absorb more solar energy than others. Some part reflect more of the sun’s ray back into the air. Light-colored surface and water reflect more sunlight than dark surfaces. Snow and ice reflect sunlight, too.
            Some types of land absorb more solar energy than others. Dark forests absorb sunlight while light desert sands reflect it. Land areas usually absorb more energy than water in lakes and oceans.
            When the earth’s surface absorbs the sun’s energy, it turns the light into heat. This heat on the Earth’s surface warms the air above it. The air over equator gets warmer than the surface air near the poles. The air over the desert gets warmer than the air in the mountain.
            The air over the land usually gets warmer than the air over the water. As air warms, it expands. The warm air over the land becomes less dense than the cooler air and rises into the atmosphere. Cooler and denser air flows in to take its place. This moving air is what we call wind. It is caused by the uneven heating of Earth’s surface.
29. We know from the first paragraph that…….
            A. the amount of solar energy is not the same in every part of the earth
            B. the earth’s surface is always exposed to sun light
            C. the sun’s energy is very limited in the south pole
            D. the wind comes from the sun                     E. the equator is always sunny
30. The warm air over the land rises into atmosphere because it is……..
            A. thicker                                B. warmer                               C. denser
            D. cooler                                                                                 E. lighter
31. According to the text, snow and ice reflect sunlight because……..
            A. they do not contain sun energy                  B. they have light color
            C. they are basically water                              D. they absorb sunlight
            E. they are shiny
32. “……, it turns the light into heat”. (1st line in 4th paragraph). The underlined word is closed in meaning to …….
            A. brings                     B. takes                       C. changes
            D. moves                                                         E. covers    
The Jacaranda Tree
            The Jacaranda tree is a beautiful flowering tree that is native to areas of the Caribbean, Mexico, South America and Central America; however, it is extremely popular across Australia, Israel, Africa and the southwestern portion of the United States. Depending on the species, it can range anywhere from a shrub of 6 feet (2m) tall to a picturesque tree of 45 feet (18m) tall. Its leaves resemble a feather and its flowers vary from purple to blue to white. In the autumn months, the leaves and the brilliant blossoms fall to the ground.
            Although the Jacaranda tree is clearly loved and valued for its aesthetics, it also has other important uses. One of the most popular varieties is the blue Jacaranda. Its flowers are a striking sight in any town or lining any street. It is perfect for cooling patios or other sunny spots, especially since it can grow to 60 feet (18m) wide. Other species of the Jacaranda have additional uses. For example, The Jacaranda Copaia is used for its timber and making of furniture, plywood, wood boxes, matchsticks and paper.
            In Grafton, Northern Rivers New South Wales, Australia, the Jacaranda Festival is held every year from the last weekend of October until the first weekend of November during the area’s spring season. It is a celebration of the generosity that the nature bestowed on the people of the region and is based on the marvelous sight provided by the many flowering Jacaranda trees in Grafton. Through the course of the festival many fun festivities take place, such as the crowning of the Jacaranda Princess and Queen and the Jacaranda ball.
42. In autumn, the Jacaranda flowers……..
            A. fall down                            B. turn around                         C. turn yellow
            D. look the same                     E. vary from purple to blue
43. The blue Jacaranda Copaia have one thing in common, that is …..
            A. they are rare                       B. they are purple                    C. they are useful
            D. they blossom in autumn                                                     E. the grow well in Europe
44. We know from the text that in spring…..
            A. the Jacaranda will fall and make the street dirty
            B. the Jacaranda trees reach their peak of 18 meters tall
            C. it is the best time to start planting Jacaranda trees
            D. the leaves of Jacaranda trees fall to the ground
            E. the Jacaranda trees are blooming 
            One morning, one of the Witch’s friends come over to visit. When she looked around the room, she said, “Your house ugly. My house is more beautiful and the walls are brighter”. The witch was very angry when she heard this and she shouted, “48… house! And don’t ever come back here!”
            After her friend left, the Witch looked around her house and realized that her friend was right. She had to repaint the house. Then she went to the shop and bought a can of paint. After lunch, she started to pain and she worked very carefully. In the afternoon she finished the lower part of her house. When she wanted to start the upper part, she found out that she could not reach it. Then she got an idea. “I will use my magical broom! Turn into a paint (49)….and paint my wall!”
            Suddenly,  the broom turn into a paint brass and it started to paint the upper walls. The job was finished in 10 minutes and the Witch was very (50)…..with the result.
48……A. take off                  B. got inside                C. look after               
D. get out of                                                   E. make over
49……A. mop                        B. comb                       C. wiper
            D. brush                                                          E. eraser
50……A. disappointed          B. frightened               C. satisfied
            D. worried                                                       E. shock


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